NEW ZEALAND LIGHTHOUSES

 

 

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Dog Island (1865)

 

Photo courtesy of MSA.     

View From Bluff, Photo (2005)                                                     

 

Reference Number: PA1-o-261-09-1

View of Dog Island and the Dog Island Lighthouse from the sea. Photographed by an unknown photographer on 28 March 1924

http://mp.natlib.govt.nz/detail/?id=29239&l=en

 

Dog Island Lighthouse, 1910-1913

Reference Number: PA5-0372

http://mp.natlib.govt.nz/detail/?id=29243&l=en

 

 

Located at the eastern approaches to Foveaux Strait, Dog Island Lighthouse marks a low flat island which only rises a couple of metres above sea level. The tower was the second to be designed by James Balfour, Marine Engineer to the Otago Provincial Council. 10

With the formation of the Marine Board of New Zealand in 1865 (renamed The Marine Department in 1866) who took of operations of all lighthouses, Balfour was appointed the Marine Engineer and Inspector of Steamers on October 11, 1866. 10

Equipment for the lighthouse was shipped from Glasgow, Scotland aboard the City Of Dunedin leaving June 5, 1863 and arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin on September 3, 1863.  153

The light apparatus was shipped from Glasgow, Scotland aboard the Resolute leaving December 17, 1863 and arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin March 17, 1864. Also aboard this ship was the light apparatus for Taiaroa Head154

Tenders were called in February 1864, and a contract was let on April 9 of that year. 10  The tower was built from stone quarried on the island and stood 110 feet tall. 3 The light  was first lit on 1st August, 1865, and it cost £10,840  91  to build. 18  2

The Lighthouse was originally a three keeper station. 1  Supplies were sent out on the government supply ship every 3 months. 

Due to soft peaty subsoil it was found that the tower would shake in the wind.  By 1871 it had started to lean and after many unsuccessful repairs, including encircling the tower with heavy timber and iron bands, it was necessary in 1916 1  2  / 1918 10  to encase the tower in Ferro concrete  2  the tower was also increased in height to 118 feet. 3

Dog Island had the first revolving light in the country, the lantern itself is a Catadioptric order  91 , consisting of sixteen individual oil lamps each with it's own lens rotating inside a single lantern. Other lighthouses had a single oil lamp with a rotating lens. 1

In 1925 the individual lamps were replaced with a single lamp with a rotating lens the same as other lights of the time. In 1954 the light was converted from oil to diesel-generated electricity. 1

After a landing strip was built on the island in the mid 1960's  2, supplies were flown out fortnightly. 1

The light was automated in 1989. 1

In September 1999, the 1925 light was removed and replaced with a modern rotating beacon, illuminated by a 35 watt tungsten halogen bulb.  Electricity to power the new light is supplied from battery banks charged by solar panels. 1

The tallest lighthouse in New Zealand, the tower is painted with black and white bands to make it standout during daylight hours. There are only two other lighthouses in New Zealand with stripes. Cape Campbell Lighthouse which looks similar to Dog Island and Cape Palliser Lighthouse, which has red and white stripes. 1

The 1925 lens on loan from Maritime New Zealand is displayed at the Museum of Wellington City & Sea25  The rotating mechanism is at the Maritime Museum in Bluff.  18

 

Registered with the New Zealand Historical Trust

Register Number: 395
Date Registered: 22-Nov-1984

Historic Place  - Category 1

 

 

POSTAGE STAMPS:

The Dog Island lighthouse has along with others been featured on New Zealand postal stamps issued by the Government Life Insurance Office. 

Part of the lighthouse series that was released in 1969 when New Zealand changed to decimal currency, the Dog Island stamp had a value of 15 cents. 

The stamps in the series, Moeraki 1/2 cents, Puysegur Point 2 1/2 cents, Baring Head 3 cents, Cape Egmont 4 cents and Dog Island  15 cents.

 

In 2009 the New Zealand Post announced a lighthouse commemorative stamp issue celebrating the 150th anniversary of New Zealand’s lighthouses. A technological first, the stamps have special glue whereas the beams from the lighthouse actually glow in the dark,. This is activated by sunlight or holding the stamp under a light for a short time. The five stamps are in different denominations, ranging from fifty cents to $2.50 and feature Pencarrow Head  50 cents, Dog Island  $1.00, Cape Brett  $1.50, Cape Egmont  $2.00 and Cape Reinga  $2.50.

Stamp Web Sites

http://100megsfree3.com/glaw/lighthouse/

http://stamps.nzpost.co.nz/Cultures/en-NZ/Stamps/StampsHistoricalIssues/1969+-+1965/Government+Life.htm

http://www.newzeal.com/theme/LH/lighthouses.htm

 

 

DIRECTIONS:

Inaccessible to the public.

Views of the lighthouse are available from the lookout point at Bluff or drive up Bluff Hill for a great 360 degree view of the Bluff Harbour and Dog Island.

 

Island South
Province Southland
Location Foveaux Strait
Number K4394
Date Commissioned 1 August,1865 1
Date Decommissioned
Automated 1989 1
Latitude 46° 39' South 1
Longitude 168° 25' East 1
Elevation Above Sea Level 46m 1
Height 36m  1  (37m) 
Character White light flashes once every 10 seconds 1
Range 19 N. miles (35km) 1
Made On site 1
Construction Local stone with outer cover of concrete painted white with black bands 1
Converted Kerosene To Diesel 1954 1
Converted Diesel To Mains Electricity Never 1
Wattage
Present Tower Original
Date Visited 5 January, 2000
 

 

Principal Keeper From To
1st lit August 1, 1865 1 
Alex Connochan  13b August 1, 1865  1869  13b
Peter Cunningham  18 Feb 22 1865  18
Peter Cunningham  13b December 16, 1869  13b  1875  13b
William Cunningham  13b  91 June 1, 1875  13b  1879  13b
James Clark  13b 1879  13b  May 23, 1883  13b
Patrick Henaghan  22  13b June, 1883  2  13b December 24, 1888  13b  22
James Cunningham  13b December 29, 1888  13b June 19, 1894  13b
John F Ericson  192  13b June 18, 1894  192  13b November, 1900  13b
James William Nicholson  22  13b February, 1901  13b  22  February 16, 1903  13b  22 
James Anderson  22  February, 1903  13b  22 October 30, 1906  13b   69
John V. E. Ansin  13b  69    October 1, 1906  13b  69     May 17, 1907  13b
Denis Quinn  13b  22 May 18, 1907  13b January 13, 1912  13b
David W. McLeish  13b January 13, 1912  13b September 1, 1913  13b
William Murray  13b September 1, 1913  13b March, 1916  13b
Henry Harvey  13b 1916  13b August, 1919  13b 
John Livingstone  13b August 1, 1919  13b November 11, 1922  13b
Robert H. Leighton  13b February 28, 1923  13b November 30, 1923  13b
Sydney Scholfield  13b December 1, 1923  13b 
Robert Haven  13b
William Smith  13b 1933  13b 
F. N. (Ted) Watts  13b June 15, 1933  13b  April 8, 1937  13b
George Ager  13b April 8, 1937  13b July 24, 1940  13b
Emmens, Charles C.  13b July 24, 1940  13b  6 1946  13b
L. Curruthers (Act)  13b June, 1946  13b
Percy Edwin White  166  13b
A. W. Olsen  13b
Mr. Arthur  18 Nov 1906  ss
Mead  204 c. early 1950's  204
John Hume  205 c. 1960's  205
Geoff & Pat Harris  290   c  1970's  290  

 

Assistant Keeper (1st) From To
  1st lit August 1, 1865 1   
Peter Cunningham  13b   February 22, 1865   13b December 15, 1869  13b
William Cunningham  13b   November 5, 1865   13b March 11, 1870  13b
Robert J. Campbell  13b   March 5, 1870   13b  22   May 13, 1870  13b     August 13, 1870  22
     
Charles H. O. Robson  13b   October, 1872   13b May, 1873  13b
J. D. Wilson  13b     September 30, 1875  13b
Robert H. Wilson  13b   July 29, 1877   13b January, 1878  13b
William Spencer  13b  22   April 2, 1878   13b  22 May, 1881   13b  22
William Colley   13b  (Probationary)  16  June, 1881   13b  16  November 30, 1881  16 
William Colley   13b December 1, 1881   16 January 17, 1887  13b  16
     
Edward Sanderson  13b   November 3, 1884   13b June 27, 1888  13b
James William Nicholson  22  13b   December, 1887  13b  22 February, 1890  13b
George Fleming February, 1890  13b May 4, 1892   13b
William Bell  13b  (son in-law of John F Ericson) 192 December, 1893   13b December, 1896   13b
George Gwynne  13b  2   December, 1896   13b    November, 1900   13b      
George William Thwaites  13b  133   (Probationary)  22 December 5, 1898   22  13b June 5, 1899   22  
George William Thwaites  13b  133  June 5, 1899   22   October, 11 1902   22  13b  133
Alexander McAllister  13b  22   (Probationary)  22 September 7, 1902   13b  October, 7 1902   22 April 1, 1903   22
Alexander McAllister  13b  22   April 2, 1903   22 July 22, 1904  13b     (Resigned)   22 
Daniel Cody  13b   July, 1904  13b May, 1906   13b
John C. Johnston  13b   June 9, 1906  13b July 11, 1907  13b
William John Mitchell  22  13b      September, 1907  13b February 3, 1911  13b
John William Tipene  13b  22   August, 1909   13b  22 September 26, 1912  13b  22
Alfred H. Sanders  13b    September 26, 1912  13b June 1915  13b
John J. Albert  13b   June 1915  13b January, 1917   13b
Daniel McLaren  13b   March, 1916  13b November 10, 1917  13b
Sydney Scholfield  13b     April, 1918  13b  
Francis Shamrock  13b   May 25, 1919  13b July 31, 1919
     
George Sinclair  13b   March 6, 1922  13b March 25, 1925  13b
     
Grant Hinchcliff  68      (c Late 1960's)  68  
     
Pip & Jeanette Aplin  24    
     
     
 

 

Assistant Keeper (2nd) From To
(1st lit August 1, 1865 1 ) 
J. C. Dove  13b August 1865  13b  October 30, 1867  13b 
James Cunningham  13b December 16, 1869  13b  November, 1872  13b
Fitzroy Montague Smith  13b  22 March 13, 1871  13b  July, 1874  13b 
James W Johnson  13b May, 1873  13b June, 1876  13b
William McLeod  13b June, 1876  13b  March, 1878  13b
John Brennan  13b January 1, 1878  13b  March 8, 1881  13b  16
William Harper  13b  (Probationary)  16  March 1, 1881  13b  16  August 31, 1881  16 
William Harper  13b  16  September 1, 1881  16  June 25, 1883  13b  16 
David Jess  13b   (Probationary)  16  22  May 25, 1883  13b  16     May 22, 1883  22  November 30, 1883  16  22 
David Jess  13b  22 December 1, 1883  16  22  November 3, 1884  13b  16  22
George H. Allan  13b  22 January 13, 1887  13b  22  December, 1887  13b  22
Louis Thompson  22  13b  (Probationary)  22 July 5, 1888  22  13b November 1, 1888  22
Louis Thompson  22  13b November 1, 1888  22 December, 1893  13b
Jerome Sinclair 13b  22 June,  1892  13b  22 September, 1895  13b
Thomas Joseph Cox  13b  22 September, 1895  13b  22 March, 1898  13b  22
James Duthie  13b March, 1898  13b November, 1898  13b
Robert T. Fellowes  13b November, 1900  13b  December 1, 1903  13b
Daniel J. Falla  13b January, 1904  13b  June 9, 1905  13b
Walter W. Burgess  13b June, 1905  13b  October 1, 1906  13b   Nov 1906
John W. Arthur  13b October 1, 1906  13b May 22, 1908  13b
George N. Millet  13b  22  208 May 22, 1908  13b      May 12, 1908  22 November 11, 1908  22 
George N. Millet  13b  22  208 November 12, 1908   22  August 17, 1909  13b  22     (Resigned)   22 
Thomas McAlpine  13b  February 3, 1911  13b May 2, 1913  13b
Cecil E. Latham  13b May 2, 1913  13b September 4, 1915  13b
Francis Shamrock  13b August, 1915  13b  February 7, 1916  13b
Adam Williamson  13b January, 1917  13b August, 1918  13b
John Dougall  13b August, 1918  13b  March 19, 1919  13b
Edward L. Fouder  13b  April,  1920  13b
Frederick N. Evans  13b  11 3 1922  13b August, 1923  13b

 

Sources

Additional Sources:

13b. DOC, Lighthouse of Foveaux Strait - A History. Angela Bain May, 2010. http://www.doc.govt.nz/publications/conservation/historic/by-region/southland/lighthouses-of-foveaux-strait-a-history/

22. Akaroa Museum

153Henry Brett, White Wings Volume 1. Quoting Otago Daily Times. 1924  http://www.nzetc.org

154Henry Brett, White Wings Volume 1. 1924  http://www.nzetc.org

25. Museum of Wellington City & Sea.

68Dominion Post. Feb 16th, 2013.

133. Otago Daily Times , Issue 12497, 30 October 1902, Page 12

91Star , Issue 4872, 10 February 1894, Page 6. South Island Lighthouses

69. New Zealand Herald, Volume XLIII, Issue 13294, 28 September 1906, Page 6

192. John F Ericson (Trevor Meikle, May 25, 2010)

204Mead (Stephen Mead, September 18, 2012)

205John Hume (Anthony Hume, April 15, 2012)

208. Evening Post, Volume LXXV, Issue 115, 15 May 1908, Page 6

290. Edward B Norris (Simon Norris, Aug 8, 2014)

 

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Text and photographs. Copyright © 1999-2013   Mark Phillips. All rights reserved.

If anyone has any information on this light please contact me. thekiwimark@msn.com

Last Updated: December 29, 2009